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This video discusses carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere that have increased due to the burning of fossil fuels in electricity generation, transportation, and industrial processes. Video includes history of Keeling and his research, as well as the seasonal fluctuations in CO2.

Video length is 1:35 min.

Learn more about Teaching Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness»

ngssSee how this Video supports the Next Generation Science Standards»
Middle School: 3 Disciplinary Core Ideas
High School: 4 Disciplinary Core Ideas

Notes From Our Reviewers The CLEAN collection is hand-picked and rigorously reviewed for scientific accuracy and classroom effectiveness. Read what our review team had to say about this resource below or learn more about how CLEAN reviews teaching materials
Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy | Technical Details

Teaching Tips

  • Educator may need to explain what the blue and black lines on the graph represent (seasonal CO2 levels vs. average CO2 levels, respectively).
  • Video could help to introduce and demonstrate the value of long-term scientific measurements. This could also launch a lesson on natural fluctuation or expand into a lesson of human influence on natural events. Could be used also with lessons on seasons or the carbon cycle.
  • Other long-term data sets could also be introduced. Local or small scale long-term records could include ice records on lakes and ponds, temperature records, or phenological records, all contributing to an understanding of averages and changes over time.

About the Science

  • This short video clip features the landmark work of Charles Keeling, whose instruments, mounted on the top of Mauna Loa in Hawaii, documented the dramatic rise in CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, resulting in the oft-referenced Keeling Curve.
  • Comments from expert scientist:
    Scientific strengths:
    - Explanation of annual variation in CO2 concentrations due to plants photosynthesizing and decomposing seasonally
    - Lists sources of CO2
    - Explains importance of water vapor and the ratio increase of temperature to water vapor
    - Introduces a feedback loop
    - Excellent graphics

About the Pedagogy

  • Video is short and succinct and is as much a tribute to Keeling's work as it is a short explanation of the familiar graph.
  • Text that accompanies the video provides some information about other greenhouse gases.

Next Generation Science Standards See how this Video supports:


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