National Center for Atmospheric Research , Climate Central
Video length: 2:04 min.Learn more about Teaching Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness»
See how this Video supports the Next Generation Science Standards»
Middle School: 2 Disciplinary Core Ideas
High School: 3 Disciplinary Core Ideas
About Teaching Climate Literacy
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About Teaching Climate Literacy
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7.3 Environmental quality.
2.6 Greenhouse gases affect energy flow.
Notes From Our Reviewers
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Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy |
- Video would be perfect for a high school classroom examining weather vs climate, extreme weather events, and human causes of climate change. This should be integrated into activities that define greenhouse gases and distinguish between natural and man-made greenhouse gas emissions.
About the Science
- Explaining the relationship between extreme weather events, such as a record heat wave, and global climate change is challenging. Although emissions of greenhouse gases are making heat waves more common and more severe overall, one cannot attribute a specific event to global warming. This video uses a simple baseball analogy to explain how greenhouse gases have a similar impact as steroids do on a baseball player by increasing the chances of hitting a home run.
- Video explains the role of greenhouse gases in increasing the probability of hot days versus cold days, and addresses the common misconception that record cold temperatures are evidence that the climate is not changing.
- The ratio of record warmth and record cold varies with time. A NOAA summary of current information about record temperatures can be found here.
- Comments from expert scientist: Very nice metaphor. Easy to explain. Scientific concepts are measured, not exaggerated.
About the Pedagogy
- Very engaging, student-friendly format.
- Video could be very effective with younger audiences to make the connections between humans and impact on climate change.
- Links to the data would be useful for additional activities.
Related URLs These related sites were noted by our reviewers but have not been reviewed by CLEANRelated stories, articles and videos are supplied on this website: http://www.climatecentral.org/blogs/steroids-baseball-and-climate-change
Next Generation Science Standards See how this Video supports:
Disciplinary Core Ideas: 2
MS-ESS2.D1:Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.
MS-ESS3.D1:Human activities, such as the release of greenhouse gases from burning fossil fuels, are major factors in the current rise in Earth’s mean surface temperature (global warming). Reducing the level of climate change and reducing human vulnerability to whatever climate changes do occur depend on the understanding of climate science, engineering capabilities, and other kinds of knowledge, such as understanding of human behavior and on applying that knowledge wisely in decisions and activities.
Disciplinary Core Ideas: 3
HS-ESS2.D1:The foundation for Earth’s global climate systems is the electromagnetic radiation from the sun, as well as its reflection, absorption, storage, and redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and land systems, and this energy’s re-radiation into space.
HS-ESS2.D3:Changes in the atmosphere due to human activity have increased carbon dioxide concentrations and thus affect climate.
HS-ESS3.D1:Though the magnitudes of human impacts are greater than they have ever been, so too are human abilities to model, predict, and manage current and future impacts.