Communications Booster: The Great "LOCAL AND RENEWABLE" Energy Debate: Adapting Lessons for Place-based Politics and Student-centered Learning
Dan Steinberg, Princeton University
Serena Poli, Eastern Michigan University
Nicole Colston, Oklahoma State University
These materials were created by faculty as part of the CLEAN Climate Communications Workshop, held in April, 2012 and are not yet part of theCLEAN collection of reviewed resources. This activity is part of thecommunity collectionof teaching materials on climate and energy topics.
Original Resources and Activities from the CLEAN Reviewed Collection
- Introduction to Lesson: Renewables Roundup, a video from Earth: The Operators' Manual
- Evaluating the Effects of Local Energy Resource Development, by Devin Castendyk, from the On the Cutting Edge activity collection, is a jigsaw activity about a LOCAL RENEWABLE energy resource topic
- Great Energy Debate, from National Energy Education Development (NEED), provides worksheets from the game guide students through the pros and cons of various energy sources
Key Learning Outcomes
- The video will serve as a visual introduction to the concept of local renewable energy potential. Students will understand that different nations and different regions have access to different renewable energy resources.
- Students will apply these concepts to a renewable energy issue in their own state or region.
- Students will be able to cite some of the pros and cons of renewable energy, as well as compare and contrast sources of energy.
- Students learn that there are advantages and disadvantages of local energy decisions.
- Students practice teamwork, written and speech communication, and critical thinking skills.
- Students practice science communication by making arguments and evaluations about whether the given information is an advantage, a disadvantage. or a fact.
Energy Literacy Context
This suite of activities relates to Energy Literacy Principle 4, various sources of energy can be used to power human activities, and often this energy must be transferred from source to destination, and Principle 5, energy decisions are influenced by economic, political, environmental, and social factors.
Watch the video Renewables Roundup (approximately 7 minutes; it is Segment 9 of the longer video "Earth: the Operator's Manual"). The video discusses some of the different renewable energy resources available today, and whether they could meet today's global energy needs of about 15.7 terawatts.
Proceed to the project Evaluating the Effects of Local Energy Resource Development. For large classes, the activity can be modified to evaluate the development of different alternative energy resources. In this case, students will be divided in groups, and will present their findings at the end of the semester.
A good starting point for students' research is the game The Great Energy Debate, which includes a series of worksheets that help students identify pros and cons of various energy sources.
Misconceptions and Potential Pitfalls
This activity is an effective way to address the following misconceptions about:
- Where energy comes from
- The differences between renewable and non-renewable energy resources
- How renewable energy systems work
- The magnitude of local renewable energy potentials
- The need for a variety of energy solutions
Strategies for instructors to address the misconceptions that may arise:
- The activity Power Source is a great exercise for assessing student misconceptions about energy resources and their role in local energy usage.
- Instructions from the "Great Energy Debate" serves as a good guide for basic and complex energy decisions over a large number of energy options.
- In the face of controversy, encourage students to first evaluate the scientific evidence. According to Understanding Science: How Science Really Works, here are some questions to have students consider:
- Does the evidence suggest correlation or causation? In other words, do the data suggest that two factors (e.g., high blood pressure and heart attack rates) are correlated with one another or that changes in one actually cause changes in the other?
- Is the evidence based on a large sample of observations (e.g., 10,000 patients with high blood pressure) or just a few isolated incidents?
- Does the evidence back up all the claims made in the article (e.g., about the cause of heart attacks, a new blood pressure drug, and preventative strategies) or just a few of them?
- Are the claims in the article supported by multiple lines of evidence (e.g., from clinical trials, epidemiological studies, and animal studies)?
- Does the scientific community find the evidence convincing?
- For further information, the AAAS Science Assessment has common science misconceptions for 6-12 grade, including physical and earth science topics.
- AAAS Science Assessment includes common misconceptions encountered in 6th-12th grade classrooms.
- The activity Power Source takes about 20 minutes and can be use to start the discussion about energy resources and to identify what students do and do not know about power production.
- Understanding Science: How Science Really Works explains more about Evidence Analysis Skills.
- How Do I Get My Students Over Their Alternative Conceptions (Misconceptions) for Learning? discusses the benefit of argumentation and interactive activities.