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Climate Change: How Do We Know?
http://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA

This static graph of changes in CO2 concentrations is going back 400,000 years, showing the dramatic spike in recent years.

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Learn more about Teaching Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness»

Climate Literacy
About Teaching Climate Literacy

Climate information can be used to reduce vulnerabilities or enhance the resilience of communities and ecosystems affected by climate change. Continuing to improve scientific understanding of the climate system and the quality of reports to policy and decision-makers is crucial.
About Teaching the Guiding Principle
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The abundance of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is controlled by biogeochemical cycles that continually move these components between their ocean, land, life, and atmosphere reservoirs. The abundance of carbon in the atmosphere is reduced through seafloor accumulation of marine sediments and accumulation of plant biomass and is increased through deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels as well as through other processes.
About Teaching Principle 2
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mate varies over space and time through both natural and man-made processes
About Teaching Principle C
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Energy Literacy

Environmental quality is impacted by energy choices.
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7.3 Environmental quality.
The quality of life of individuals and societies is affected by energy choices.
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Energy affects quality of life .
Greenhouse gases affect energy flow through the Earth system.
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2.6 Greenhouse gases affect energy flow.
Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow through the Earth system.
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Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow .

Benchmarks for Science Literacy
Learn more about the Benchmarks

The earth's climates have changed in the past, are currently changing, and are expected to change in the future, primarily due to changes in the amount of light reaching places on the earth and the composition of the atmosphere. The burning of fossil fuels in the last century has increased the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which has contributed to Earth's warming.
Explore the map of concepts related to this benchmark

Notes From Our Reviewers The CLEAN collection is hand-picked and rigorously reviewed for scientific accuracy and classroom effectiveness. Read what our review team had to say about this resource below or learn more about how CLEAN reviews teaching materials
Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy | Technical Details

Teaching Tips

  • Visualization could be used as an motivational introduction to the main cause of climate change namely CO2 emissions.
  • Other versions of this exist, but this high quality graphic has "added value" with additional information on the evidence for human impacts,and sources to relevant data.
  • This graphic/image could also be used to discuss the importance of time series data and the nature of science.
  • With a focus on the evidence that human activities are the reason for the recent increase in CO2, the webpage also includes summaries of the evidence and observations of recent change, plus links to the sources of the information.

About the Science

  • A static visualization demonstrating evidence that atmospheric CO2 has increased since the Industrial Revolution.
  • The page provides the key sources of data and information contained on the page with a brief explanation of the graphic.
  • CO2 concentrations in ice cores have been measured back to 800,000 years as of 2008 but still show the same pattern.
  • Comment from expert scientist: The subject is discussed in a scientifically valid and clear way.

About the Pedagogy

  • Static image on CO2 increases is a compelling illustration.
  • This image/illustration summarizes past climate fluctuations over the past 400,000 years.
  • Students could be encouraged to go to the cited references and go beyond the image to discuss the significance of the increase being human induced.

Technical Details/Ease of Use

  • The image can be saved to the desktop or viewed online, which would provide the ability to research the additional resources and for students to gather more information independently.

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