Ocean Acidification: The Other Carbon Problem
Topic: Ocean Acidification
Course Type: College Lower (13-14)
This activity is designed to be used as a jigsaw. Although each component could be individually used as desired. The activity is meant to be conducted in a three-phase approach.
Phase 1 involves small groups of "experts" focusing on one of our narrow topics related to ocean acidification. Students work together, using the Internet as necessary, to complete a short 10-15 minute activity while the instructor roams the room to clarify issues that arise.
Phase 2 involves small groups made up of one "expert" from each of the expert groups. This interdisciplinary group will work through a short 10-15 minute activity that encompasses the knowledge from each of the "experts" while the instructor roams the room to clarify issues that arise.
Phase 3 involves the entire class as a whole and to discuss and reflect upon the findings from each interdisciplinary group. The instructor leads this discussion.
Students should be able to do the following:
- EXPLAIN reasons behind trends in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels
- DISTINGUISH between the various factors affecting ocean acidification
- EXPLAIN the effects of lower pH on calcite-secreting organisms
- Completion of the interdisciplinary group activity which will require knowledge from the expert group activities.
Jigsaw Group Worksheets
Expert Group 3 - Ocean Acidification Activity (Microsoft Word 2007 (.docx) 40kB May15 12)
Expert Group 4 - Effects of Ocean Acidification Activity (Microsoft Word 2007 (.docx) 161kB May15 12)
Interdisciplinary Groups - TBA
Phase 1 (Experts) - Students will be assigned to small "expert" groups where they will focus on one of four critical components of ocean acidification. As a group, they will complete a short 10-15 minute activity. During which the instructor will roam the room and assist with clarification as necessary.
Phase 2 (Interdisciplinary) - Each "expert" group will be broken apart and each member assigned to an interdisciplinary small group where they will be the "expert" for the area they studied in phase 1. As a group, they will now complete another short 10-15 minute activity which ties in each of the expert's new found knowledge. During this time, the instructor will roam the room and assist with clarification as necessary.
Phase 3 (Class Debrief) - The activity will conclude with a overall class discussion and debrief where each interdisciplinary group will report on their findings and reflection on the activity. The instructor will lead this debrief, making sure each group gets the opportunity to share.
CO2 and the Atmosphere from Earth, the Operators' Manual
Ocean Acidification Video - http://coralreef.noaa.gov/flash/video/722_oceanacidification_withvo.f4v
Carbonate Simulation - http://www.dataintheclassroom.org/content/oa/simulation.html
Mauna Loa Observatory Data - http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/#mlo_full
The Keeling Curve - http://icp.giss.nasa.gov/education/modules/carbon/topic2/topic2rwp.pdf
Carbon Dioxide Exercise from the CLEAN collection
Data in the Classroom - http://www.dataintheclassroom.org/content/oa/index.html