Five-Year Average Global Temperature Anomalies from 1880 to 2010
Robert B. Schmunk, J Hansen, R Ruedy, Mki Sato, K Lo, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
Learn more about Teaching Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness»
See how this Static Visualization supports the Next Generation Science Standards»
High School: 1 Performance Expectation, 3 Disciplinary Core Ideas, 1 Cross Cutting Concept, 4 Science and Engineering Practices
Notes From Our Reviewers
The CLEAN collection is hand-picked and rigorously reviewed for scientific accuracy and classroom effectiveness.
Read what our review team had to say about this resource below or learn more about
how CLEAN reviews teaching materials
Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy |
- Viewing these annual 5-year average temperature anomalies will encourage students to ask why this is happening to global mean temperatures.
- Students likely need to be instructed and coached on how to interpret these maps even though it is rather straightforward.
- Information on how the raw data was processed to derive the map is given here: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp.
About the Science
- Temperature monitoring stations from around the world collect temperatures and analyze/compare the records year after year.
- This resource includes data sources and scientific references and some discussion about the reasons for working with temperature anomalies rather than absolute temperatures.
- Comments from expert scientist: A strength of this resource is that it is based on real data.
About the Pedagogy
- While these are important datasets and should be presented in classrooms, the web page includes little scaffolding for most educators. Further background material will likely be needed.
Technical Details/Ease of Use
- This animation and its individual frames are available in a number of formats. It is best to use the animation with the year overlay and have the temperature difference color bar available.
- The web page does not make clear that there are both videos and stills available (i.e., they should be separated in some way).
- Visualizations of the anomalies changing year to year can be downloaded or educators could choose individual jpegs to make their own data collection.