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Signs of Change: Studying Tree Rings

Nancy Colberg, Northern Climate Change

In this hands-on activity, students will learn about dendrochronology (the study of tree rings to understand ecological conditions in the recent past) and come up with conclusions as to what possible climatic conditions might affect tree growth in their region. Students determine the average age of the trees in their schoolyard, investigate any years of poor growth, and draw conclusions about the reasons for those years.

Activity takes about 2-3 hours. Tree disks or cores are needed and ideally one microscope.

Learn more about Teaching Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness»

ngssSee how this Activity supports the Next Generation Science Standards»
Middle School: 2 Disciplinary Core Ideas, 4 Cross Cutting Concepts, 5 Science and Engineering Practices
High School: 1 Disciplinary Core Idea, 2 Cross Cutting Concepts, 5 Science and Engineering Practices

Climate Literacy
About Teaching Climate Literacy

About Teaching Principle 5
Other materials addressing 5b

Excellence in Environmental Education Guidelines

1. Questioning, Analysis and Interpretation Skills:C) Collecting information
Other materials addressing:
C) Collecting information.
1. Questioning, Analysis and Interpretation Skills:E) Organizing information
Other materials addressing:
E) Organizing information.
2. Knowledge of Environmental Processes and Systems:2.1 The Earth as a Physical System:A) Processes that shape the Earth
Other materials addressing:
A) Processes that shape the Earth.

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Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy | Technical Details

Teaching Tips

  • If the suggested path of obtaining the tree samples is too complicated – go to a saw mill and ask them to cut tree disks or cut some of your own from a tree trunk.
  • Educators should assign the extension on solutions to the students at the end of the lesson.
  • If a coring borer is used - measure the diameter of the tree to determine how deep to core the tree.
  • Obtaining local weather records for seasonal average rainfall and temperatures would provide a basis of comparing the influence of these factors on tree growth.
  • Additional resource to consult: Esper, J., E. R. Cook, and F. H. Schweingruber (2002) Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability. Science 295:2250-2253 and http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/people/briffa/yamal2009/.
  • There are also paper versions of tree-ring/dendrochronology activities that could be linked to this since, indeed, obtaining core or cross section may be hard for some.
  • Not all trees can necessarily be used for coring.

About the Science

  • Great hands-on activity that demonstrates the scientific processes of dendrochronology.
  • Carefully designed activity with a lot of background materials for educators and students (at different levels).
  • Strong connections to regional climate through local examples of trees will engage students and demonstrate the relevance of the method.
  • Ideally educator would also show what a published dendrochronology diagram looks like (easy to find through a literature search).

About the Pedagogy

  • Hands-on activity and interpretation of results will engage students of different learning styles.
  • Activity offers enrichment ideas that focus on the development of language arts and science process skills.
  • The extensions present solutions to climate change, a great way to empower students when teaching about climate change.
  • Effective strategies to assess student understanding are suggested.

Technical Details/Ease of Use

  • Very well designed and ready to use.
  • It would be ideal to have a least one microscope for the students to work with.

Next Generation Science Standards See how this Activity supports:

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