NOAA Coastal Services Center, Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium, U.S. Geological Survey, USGS
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See how this Simulation/Interactive supports the Next Generation Science Standards»
Middle School: 3 Disciplinary Core Ideas, 2 Cross Cutting Concepts, 1 Science and Engineering Practice
High School: 2 Performance Expectations, 2 Disciplinary Core Ideas, 2 Cross Cutting Concepts, 1 Science and Engineering Practice
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Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy |
- Educators should use this interactive map in conjunction with the flood frequency predictions on http://gom.usgs.gov/slr/flood.html.
- Visualization would need to be accompanied by additional learning resources, but offers students living in Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida the ability to directly check potential sea level rise in their area by address.
- Can spark discussions on the demographics of the areas most at risk of flooding on the Gulf Coast.
About the Science
- This is a detailed visualization of the potential sea level rise in the Gulf coasts of Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida relative to the Katrina Storm Surge.
- The map illustrates the scale of potential flooding, not the exact location, and does not account for erosion, subsidence, or future construction. Water levels are shown as they would appear during an average high tide. Rising sea levels will cause daily high tides to reach farther inland.
- Comments from expert scientist: Allows any viewer to choose a location at multiple spatial scales, from regional down to street level, and to manipulate (or 'model') the potential flooding at that location (elevation) due to possible incremental sea level increase (1 foot increments).
About the Pedagogy
- This interactive map is helpful to students familiar with the Katrina Storm Surge to visualize the potential impacts of sea level rises of 1-6 feet on daily high tides on the Gulf Coast.
- The ability to zoom in and to add population and road layers is useful in understanding the human impacts of sea level rise on this particular coastline.
- Site location-specific visualization for sea level rise that could allow student the ability to check if their location will be impacted by climate change.
Technical Details/Ease of Use
- The simplicity of the design is direct but may fall short of usability over time and due to lack of applicability to a wider number of areas. As of now it only is useful for those living in Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida.
- Zoom in on a coastline before using overlays for best results.
Next Generation Science Standards See how this Simulation/Interactive supports:
Disciplinary Core Ideas: 3
MS-ESS2.C1:Water continually cycles among land, ocean, and atmosphere via transpiration, evaporation, condensation and crystallization, and precipitation, as well as downhill flows on land.
MS-ESS2.C2:The complex patterns of the changes and the movement of water in the atmosphere, determined by winds, landforms, and ocean temperatures and currents, are major determinants of local weather patterns.
MS-ESS2.D1:Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.
Cross Cutting Concepts: 2
MS-C1.4:Graphs, charts, and images can be used to identify patterns in data.
MS-C2.2:Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.
Performance Expectations: 2
HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
HS-ESS2-5: Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Disciplinary Core Ideas: 2
HS-ESS2.E1:The many dynamic and delicate feedbacks between the biosphere and other Earth systems cause a continual co-evolution of Earth’s surface and the life that exists on it.
HS-ESS2.D4:Current models predict that, although future regional climate changes will be complex and varied, average global temperatures will continue to rise. The outcomes predicted by global climate models strongly depend on the amounts of human-generated greenhouse gases added to the atmosphere each year and by the ways in which these gases are absorbed by the ocean and biosphere.
Cross Cutting Concepts: 2
HS-C1.5:Empirical evidence is needed to identify patterns.
HS-C2.1:Empirical evidence is required to differentiate between cause and correlation and make claims about specific causes and effects.