Robert B. Schmunk, J Hansen, R Ruedy, Mki Sato, K Lo, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
Learn more about Teaching Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness»
See how this Static Visualization supports the Next Generation Science Standards»
High School: 1 Performance Expectation, 3 Disciplinary Core Ideas, 1 Cross Cutting Concept, 4 Science and Engineering Practices
About Teaching Climate Literacy
Other materials addressing 4e
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Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy |
- Viewing these annual 5-year average temperature anomalies will encourage students to ask why this is happening to global mean temperatures.
- Students likely need to be instructed and coached on how to interpret these maps even though it is rather straightforward.
- Information on how the raw data was processed to derive the map is given here: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp.
About the Science
- Temperature monitoring stations from around the world collect temperatures and analyze/compare the records year after year.
- This resource includes data sources and scientific references and some discussion about the reasons for working with temperature anomalies rather than absolute temperatures.
About the Pedagogy
- While these are important datasets and should be presented in classrooms, the web page includes little scaffolding for most educators. Further background material will likely be needed.
Technical Details/Ease of Use
- This animation and its individual frames are available in a number of formats. It is best to use the animation with the year overlay and have the temperature difference color bar available.
- The web page does not make clear that there are both videos and stills available (i.e., they should be separated in some way).
- Visualizations of the anomalies changing year to year can be downloaded or educators could choose individual jpegs to make their own data collection.
Next Generation Science Standards See how this Static Visualization supports:
Performance Expectations: 1
HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
Disciplinary Core Ideas: 3
HS-ESS2.A1:Earth’s systems, being dynamic and interacting, cause feedback effects that can increase or decrease the original changes.
HS-ESS2.D1:The foundation for Earth’s global climate systems is the electromagnetic radiation from the sun, as well as its reflection, absorption, storage, and redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and land systems, and this energy’s re-radiation into space.
HS-ESS2.D3:Changes in the atmosphere due to human activity have increased carbon dioxide concentrations and thus affect climate.
Science and Engineering Practices: 4
HS-P2.3:Develop, revise, and/or use a model based on evidence to illustrate and/or predict the relationships between systems or between components of a system
HS-P2.4:Develop and/or use multiple types of models to provide mechanistic accounts and/or predict phenomena, and move flexibly between model types based on merits and limitations.
HS-P2.6:Develop and/or use a model (including mathematical and computational) to generate data to support explanations, predict phenomena, analyze systems, and/or solve problems.
HS-P4.5:Evaluate the impact of new data on a working explanation and/or model of a proposed process or system.