Betsy Youngman, Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter from TERC
Activity takes three to five 45-minute class periods. Computer access is required.Discuss this Resource»
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About Teaching Climate Literacy
Other materials addressing 5b
Other materials addressing 7a
Excellence in Environmental Education Guidelines
Other materials addressing:
C) Collecting information.
Other materials addressing:
A) Processes that shape the Earth.
Notes From Our Reviewers
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Teaching Tips | Science | Pedagogy |
- Other, more recent technologies may be used within the same activity framework. e.g. Google Earth, NASA's Eyes on the Earth http://climate.nasa.gov/Eyes/ (click on GRACE data).
- Interactive datasets covering this same topic are available here: http://climate.nasa.gov/keyIndicators/index.cfm#LandIce and also at NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio: Annual Accumulated melt of Greenland 1979 - 2009 http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a003700/a003721/index.html
About the Science
- Great visualizations and video clips.
- Discussion section includes thought provoking questions.
- Includes websites for background and a list of books and articles for students and educators.
- Activity is very closely tied to current scientific activities, with abundant links and references to primary sites and data.
- Comment from scientist: Greenland is presented out of context. No other regions with glacier change or sources of sea level rise are mentioned. This piece should be added by educator.
- Comment from scientist: No distinction is made here between the observation of melt at the surface of the Greenland Ice Sheet and what actually happens to that melt. Much of the activity is devoted to the study of changing surface melt on the Greenland Ice Sheet, but the potential significance of that melt isn’t made very clear. The reader is more or less invited to suppose that the dramatic changes observed in the extent of surface melt translate onto either dramatically increased rates of mass loss from the ice sheet, or dramatically altered controls on basal lubrication. These aren’t necessarily true – a poorly constrained, but potentially very large, fraction of surface melt refreezes locally without influencing either mass loss or basal hydrology. This is one of the great unknowns in Greenland surface mass balance.
About the Pedagogy
- This is an inquiry-based activity.
- The educator needs to realize that it is a very involved activity with a large learning curve in the use of the software. Educators will need to be careful that students don't lose sight of the science while getting deep into the details of the tools.
- This is well suited to educators who are willing to make the investment of time and money in acquiring, installing and learning the software.
- The material and activity structure is very rich and may be worth exploring even if the full GIS activity isn't practical. See teaching tips for additional ideas.
- Engages students in learning both the science and how to apply GIS.
- This resource engages students in using scientific data.
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